In this post want to explain some types of coffee and how to preparing them.
Basically roasted and grounded coffee beans is brewed by pouring hot water onto them. Brewed coffee can be made with several methods, including using a filter, percolator, Chemex, Syphon, Aeropress, French press, moka pot. The resulting coffee is called by method which is used, such as drip brewed coffee, filtered coffee or pour-over coffee. Dripping is widely used. Water seeps through the ground coffee, absorbing its oils and essences, solely under gravity, then passes through the bottom of the filter.( 30 ml of grounded coffee and 150 ml of water are recommended for recipe. )
Chemex Coffee Maker
Pour-over Coffee Maker
Syphon Coffee Maker
In French press, coffee is brewed by placing the ground coffee in the empty beaker and adding hot (93-96 degrees Celsius, 200-205 degrees Fahrenheit) water, in proportions of about 30 grams (1 ounce) of coffee grounds to 500 ml (15 fluid ounces) of water, more or less to taste. The brewing time is about two to four minutes. The plunger is pressed to separate the grounds and hold them at the bottom of the beaker.
Espresso-based coffee drinks prepared with coffee machine
Espresso is made by machines which force hot water under pressure through very finely ground and compacted coffee into the cups below. This enables significant aroma and flavor to be extracted with low quantities of water. Espresso coffee also usually has a top layer of crema. The crema is produced by emulsifying the oils in the ground coffee into a colloid, which does not occur in other brewing methods.
There are many coffee drinks which are espresso-based.
Some espresso-based coffee drinks’ recipes
Espresso: 25-30 ml of coffee (1 shot) from machine
Americano: 30 ml of espresso + 470 ml of hot water
Doppio: 60 ml of espresso + 440 ml of hot water
Lungo: 90 ml of espresso + 410 ml of hot water
Flat White: 30 ml of espresso + about 300 ml of steamed milk
Affogato: 1 or 2 shot espresso + 2 scrubs vanilla ice-cream
Espresso Romano: 1 shot espresso + a lemon slice
Cappuccino: 1 shot espresso + hot milk + milk foam
Latte: 1 shot espresso + 3 times more steamed milk
Macchiato: 1 shot espresso + steamed milk + cacao powder on top
Vienna Coffee: 2 shots espresso + hot milk or whipped cream
Some alcoholic coffee drinks
Gaelic coffee: Filtered coffee and Scotch whiskey
Irish coffee: Filtered coffee and Irish whiskey
Brandy coffee: Filtered coffee and brandy
Keoke coffee: Kahlua, cacao powder, brandy, filtered coffee and whipped cream
English coffee: Filtered coffee, gin and kahlua
Calypso: Rum, kahlua, filtered coffee and chocolate pieces