First, workers collect palm fruits from trees.

Collecting palm fruit

Then technicians separate each fruits fibers and kernels and analyze them in lab to find good quality ones. These ones will be used to prepare the best quality pollen.

Separating alm fruits fiber and kernels

Next, the research team climbs the selected mother palms and pollinates the female flowers with pollen from high quality male palms. They cover the flowers with thick fabric that allow light in. And shields  them from accidental pollination by insects and  from other flowers. It takes six months for the new hybrid seeds to be produced.

pollinating palm flowers

After six months growth and three months processing, new seeds are ready to plant. They plant the seeds in small bags of soil. After three months, the seedlings develop roots and leaves. They transfer them to larger bags of soil. And six to nine months later they are three feet tall and ready for planting in fields.

planting palm seeds

After three years of growth, young palm trees are ready for picking the fruits. Palm fruits are on their way to the palm oil factory.

picking palm fruit

In factory, first job is cooking the fruits in pressure cookers to sterilize them and stop the enzyme activity that would degrade the quality of the oil. It also loosens the fruit from the stocks.

palm fruit pressure cooking

Giant presses crash the fruit to squeeze out the crude palm oil.

pressing palm fruit to squeeze crude oil

The crude palm oil has gone through many stages of purification and tests to obtain final product.

palm oil test and purification

And finally Italians make nutella with it.